Singkatan Istilah Latin dan Penjelasannya (Bagian 2)

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Singkatan Penjelasan
A.
5-ASA 5-aminosalisilat
5-FU 5-fluorouracil
5-HIAA hydroxyindole acetic acid
5-HT 5-hidroksitriptamin (=serotonin)
A.R. arthritis rheumatica
A.U.C. Area Under the Curve
a.u.e. ad usum externum
ACE Angiotensin Converting Enzyme
ACh asetilkolin
ACTH Adreno Corticotropic Hormone
ADH Anti Diuretic Hormone
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (dahulu MBD)
AKDR Alat Kontrasepsi Dalam Rahim (lih. IUD)
ALA alfa-linolenic acid (linolenat)
ALS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
AO antioksidansia
APC Antigen Presenting Cells
AT I Angiotensin I
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AV atrioventrikuler
AZT azidothymidine, zidovudin
B.
BA Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
BCG berat molekul
BM Body Mass Index (lih. Ql)
BMI Borderline Personality Disorder
BPD Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
BPH Biological Response Modifier
BRM Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (penyakit sapi gila)
BSE
C.
CA cancer, kanker
cAMP cyclic-Adenosine Mono Phosphate
CARA Chronic Aspecific Respiratory Affections (lih. COPD)
CCS Cairan Cerebro Spinalis
CD4+ limfo-T helpercells
CD8+ limfo-T suppressorcells
CEA carcino-embryonic antigen
cGMP cyclic-Guanyl-MonoPhosphate
CJD Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease
CMV cytomegalovirus
COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase
COPD Chronie Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (lih. CARA)
CT-scan CAT, Computerized Tomographic scan
CTZ Chemoreceptor Trigger Zone
CVA Cerebro Vascular Accident
D.
D Dalton
DA dopamin
DBD Demam Berdarah Dengue
DDI dideoksiinosin
DES dietilstilbestrol
DHA docosahexaenic acid
DHEA dehidro-epi-androsteron
DHT dihidrotestosteron
DMARD Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drug
DTP daya tahan perifer
DVT deep venous thrombosis
E.
EA asam amino esensial
ECG electrocardiogram
ECT Electroconvulsive Therapy
EEG electro-encephalogram
EPA eicosapentaenic acid
EPO eritropoietin
F.
FI. Farmakope Indonesia
FPE First Pass Effect
FR free radicals (radikal bebas)
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone
G.
GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid
GAG glucosaminoglycan (sin. mukopolisakarida)
GALT Gut Associated Lymphoid Tissue (lih. MIS)
G-CST granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GH Growth Hormone
GHB gamma-hydroxybutyric acid
GHRH Growth Hormone RH
GLA gamma linolenic acid (linolenat)
GnRH Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
GPx glutathionperoxydase
GRAS list Generally Recognized As Safe list
GTF Glucose Tolerance Factor
Gy satuan radiasi Gray
H.
HAART Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HAV Hepatitis-A Virus
HBsAg Hepatitis-B surface Antigen
hbv Hepatitis-B Virus
HCA hydroxy-citric acid
hcg Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin
HCV Hepatitis-C Virus
HDL High Density Lipoprotein
HEV Hepatitis-E Virus
H-H, Sistem Sistem Hipotalamus-Hipofyse
HLA Human Leucocyte Antigen
HMG Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
HPV Human Papillomavirus
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus
5HT 5-hydroxytryptamine = serotonin
I.
I.U. International Unit
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome
ICSH Interstitial Cell Stimulating Hormone
IDDM Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
IFN Interferon
Ig imunoglobulin, antibody
IL interleukin
ISA Intrinsic Sympathomimetic Activity
ISK Infeksi Saluran Kemih
IUD Intra-uterine contraceptive device (lih. AKDR)
IVF in vitro fertilization
K.
Ka konstan disosiasi
komb. sediaan kombinasi
L.
LAK Lymphokine-activated Killer cells
LCAT Lecithine Cholesterol Acyl-Transferase
LD lethal dosis (dosis letal)
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein
LE Lupus Erythematosus (lih. SLE)
LH Luteinic Hormone
LHRH Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone
limfosit-T Thymus-dependent lymphocyt
LL Lepra Lepromateus
LMWH Low Molecular Weight Heparines
LT leukotriën (dahulu SRSA)
LTH Luteotropic Hormone
M.
MAC Mycobacterium Avium Complex
MAI Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare
MAO monoamine-oxidase
MAP Morning-After Pill
MBD Minimal Brain Damage (kini disebut ADHD)
MDT Multi Drug Therapy
MEC Minimum Effective Concentration
MG myasthenia gravis
MHC Major Histocompatibility Complex
MIC Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
MIS Mucosa Immune System (juga disebut GALT)
MPA medroksiprogesteron asetat
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRSA Methicillln Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MRSE Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Epidermis
MS Multiple Sclerosis
MTX metotreksat
N.
NA noradrenalin
NASA Noradrenalin and Serotonin Antidepressant
NIOOM Non-Insulin-Dependent  Diabetes Mellitus
NKc Natural Killer cells
NNRTI Non Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor
NSAID Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug
O.
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OPC Oligomeric Pro-anthoCyanidins
OROS Oral Regulation Osmotic System
ORS Oral Rehydration Solution
P.
P-5-P pyridoxal-5-phosphate
P.P. persentase pengikatan (pada protein)
PABA para-aminobenzoic add
PAF platelet activating factor
PDE-3 phosphodiêsterase type-3
PEF Peak Expiratory Row
PET Positron Emission Tomography
PgE2 prostaglandin-E tipe 2
Pgi2 prostasiklin tipe 2
PI Protease Inhibitor
Pl Pearl Index
PiF Prolactine Inhibiting Factor (= dopamin)
PJP penyakit jantung dan pembuluh
PMS pemenstrual syndrome
PRH Prolactine Releasing Hormone
PSA Prostate Specific Antigene
PTH parathormon
PUPA poty-unsaturated fatty adds
puiv. pufvis (serbuk, puder)
Q.
QI Quételet Index (lihat BMI)
R.
RAS Sistem Renin-Angiotensin
RB radikal bebas (lihat FR)
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
REM Rapid Eye Movement
RES Reticulo Endothelial System
rF recombinant factor penghambat Reverse
RT-blocker blocker penghambat Reverse
RTI Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor
S.
SAD Seasonal Affective Disorder
SHBG Sex Hormone Binding Globulin
SLE Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
SMON Subacute Myelooptic Neuropathy
SOD Superoxide dismutase
SP Susunan Parasimpatis
SRSA Slow Reacting Substances of Anaphylaxis
SS Susunan Simpatikus
SSO Susunan Saraf Otonom
SSP Susunan Saraf Pusat
SSRI Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
T.
t1/2 plasma half-life (masa paruh)
TD Toxic Dose
TD tekanan darah
TFT trifluorthymidine
THC tetrahydrocannabinol
THFA tetrahydrofolic acid
TIA Transient Ischaemic Attack
TMG Toxic Multinodular Goitre
TNF Tumor Necrosis Factor
TNM Tumor Nodule Metastasis
tPA tissue Plasminogen Activator
TRH Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone
TSH Thyreoid Stimulating Hormone
TTS Transdermal Therapeutic System
TURP Transurethral Resection of Prostate
TxA2 tromboksan A2
U.
UFH Un-Fractionated Heparin
V.
V.I.P. Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
VLDL Very Low Density Lipoprotein
X.
XTC ecstasy
Z.
ZOC Zero Order Control

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